For many years, several manufacturers have been producing genuinely remarkable cordless hair curlers with exceptional quality, performance, and durability while keeping consumer convenience in mind. However, not all of these product will meet your requirements.
As a result, we’ve included the best cordless hair curlers to assist you in quickly locating the correct item. To compile this list, we carefully analyzed the user experience, practical benefits, functionality, performance, longevity, budget, and pros and cons of each item. We have additionally compared multiple products and went through the feedback from real consumers to give you a complete picture of how these items work and perform in real life. In addition, we meticulously studied the items and examined their performance to cost ratio to ensure that you receive the most value for your money.
So, without further ado, let’s get this review started.
|Automatic Hair Curler, Wireless Hair Curling Wand USB Rechargeable, LCD Display 6 Temperature Setting,Portable Cordless Hair Styler for Long & Short Hair, Travel & Home Use||Buy Now|
|Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Curling Wand with 6 Temperature & Timer De-Tangling & Scalding, Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Hair Curler Fast Heating||Buy Now|
|Conair Unbound Cordless Auto Curler – Rechargeable Auto Curler For Curls or Waves||Buy Now|
|Hair Curler, Nityrliv Hair Curling Iron Cordless Automatic Curler Silky Curls Fast Heating Wireless Auto Curler with Timer Setting and 6 Temperature Adjustable (Gray)||Buy Now|
|Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Auto Hair Curler with 6 Temps & Timers, Portable Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Wave Hair Curling Iron, Fast Heating Curling Wand Styling Tools||Buy Now|
|Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Auto Hair Curler with 6 Temps & Timers, Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Wave Wand, Portable Rotating Curling Wand Styling Tool, Auto Shut Off||Buy Now|
|Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Hair Curler with 6 Temps & Timer, Wireless Rotating Curling Iron, Portable Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Wave Wand, Fast Heating Spin Hair Curling Irons for Styling||Buy Now|
|Fezax Cordless Auto Hair Curler, Automatic Curling Iron with LCD Display Adjustable Temperature & Timer, Portable Rechargeable Rotating Ceramic Barrel Curling Wand Fast Heating for Hair Styling||Buy Now|
|Unbound Cordless Automatic Hair Curler, Anti-Tangle Wireless Auto Curling Iron Wand,Portable USB Rechargeable Spin Curler Ceramic Barrel Rotating for Long Hair,Fast Heating for Hair Styling||Buy Now|
|Cordless Automatic Hair Curler, Portable Wireless Curling Iron with LCD Display, Fast Heating, Adjustable Temperature, Auto Rotating Ceramic Barrel Curling Wand USB Rechargeable for Travel, Home||Buy Now|
Top 10 Cordless Hair Curlers Reviews
There are hundreds of versions of each cordless hair curlers’ with various sizes and models, all designed to fulfill the needs of various users. With your needs in mind, we sifted through more than 40 products to come up with this list of the best cordless hair curlers. These goods are extremely useful, effective, and long-lasting.
Automatic Hair Curler, Wireless Hair Curling Wand USB Rechargeable, LCD Display 6 Temperature Setting,Portable Cordless Hair Styler for Long & Short Hair, Travel & Home Use
- 【Intelligent Automatic Hair Curler】The latest cordless curling iron, say goodbye to the messy and tangled cable design. Without cable restraints, you can curl your hair anywhere. No Skill Required, replacement for your traditional curling iron or curling wand.
- 【Safety & Anti-scalding Design】Compared to traditional curling iron,The new hair curler tongs have a double unique heat-insulating hair curler chamber that protects your hands from any surface heat. no risk of scald and wire winding. Automatic shutdown when not in use for 10 minutes,ensure maximum safety and optimum performance at all times.
- 【Easy to Carry】Portable cordless curling iron is suited for beautiful ladies, young girls, and elegant women to go anywhere, even if you are traveling all over the world. Come with hairpins and comb, it’s an ideal gift choice for your family and yourself.
- 【LCD Display】The hair curler can freely set the temperature (150℃, 160℃, 170℃, 180℃, 190℃, 200℃), and the direction of the curls (left or right). All of these are shown on a small LCD screen. With timer you can set seconds, how long you want to turn curls, temperature setting and choose whether the curls should be left or right.
- 【Warm Tips】1. When using it first time, the curling iron takes 2-3 minutes to heat up the heating rod. 2. When using it first time, the battery must be fully charged. Please press and hold the “curl” button until you release a beep.3. It is better to take a small amount of hair each time to prevent too much hair from being stuck.
Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Curling Wand with 6 Temperature & Timer De-Tangling & Scalding, Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Hair Curler Fast Heating
- 【No Skill Required & Auto Shut-Off】The automatic curling iron is easy to operate, just press the button and hold for a whlie, then you can get beautiful curls. And the rotating curling wand will automatically shut off after 10 minutes of inactivity, making it more safer to use.
- 【6 Temperature & 4 Timer】 The wavy hair curler adopts adjustable Temperature (300-390℉) and Timer (8-18S) settings, you can choose mode according to various hair quality and hairstyles. Whether the beach wave, loose curls or tight curls, the hot tools curling iron can achieve quickly, showing your charm throughly
- 【NO Scalding & NO Stucking】The cordless hair curler wand adopts the double-layer insulation design, so you can use it freely without the problem of scalding. And the intelligent induction motor installed in the wave wand curling iron will cut off power if too much hair or work incorrectly, preventing hair from getting stuck.
- 【Multiple Protection for Hair】The ceramic hair curler is covered with nano silver and vegetable protein coatings, which can reduce friction, making your hair shinier and smoother. The ionic curling iron wand is an ideal gift for your family and friends.
- 【Cordless & Portable】This rechargable curling wand can last 30-50mins (The actual runtime depends on the temperature settings ) after a full charge, and even can be used as a power bank, bringing super convenience. It can be easily put into bags, so the wireless hair wand is very sutiable for traveling.
- Cordless Auto Curler: Create beautiful curls and waves with Conair Unbound Auto Curler, the creators of Curl Secret. This high performance curler is rechargeable (charge fully overnight before first use) and offers up to 60-minutes of cord-free runtime
- Professional Curl: Reach 400°F highest heat for professional results (note: this curler requires 60-second heat up time). Multi-directional curl action: left, right, or mixed with anti-tangle protection and ceramic curl chamber reduces frizz and adds shine.Do not put this product in a dishwasher or washing machine for cleaning
- Sleek Curler: This curler has a LCD digital display showing heat, timer, battery level, and curl direction. 3 Heat/4 Timer settings allow you to create tight to loose curls and waves; Auto Off (will shut off automatically after 15 minutes if left on and idle)
- On The Go Styling: Easily fits in your handbag or gym bag for Beauty in Motion. Includes USB charger; 2 lithium ion batteries – Individual airline restrictions may apply (check with your carrier)
- Innovative Styling Tools: From curling irons and wands to flat irons, hot air brushes, auto curlers and more; Conair makes high quality styling tools for all hair types
Hair Curler, Nityrliv Hair Curling Iron Cordless Automatic Curler Silky Curls Fast Heating Wireless Auto Curler with Timer Setting and 6 Temperature Adjustable (Gray)
- [USB RECHARGEABLE & POWER BANK]: The built-in 5200mAh lithium-ion battery can realize super convenient wireless use. The cordless auto curler can be used for 2-4 hours after fully charged and it can also be used as a mobile power supply.
- [EASY TO CARRY]: The portable hair curler (only 7.5 inches in length and 2.3 inches in width) can be easily placed in the pocket or backpack. You can curl hair anytime and anywhere.
- [SAFE TO USE]: Will you get hurt when use curling iron? Now Nityrliv auto hair curler with ceramic curling chamber protects your hand and skin from hurt. Professional tourmaline ceramic technology and vegetable protein coating help to seal moisture into your hair and protects cuticle.
- [TEMPERATURE/TIMER/DIRECTION ADJUSTABLE]: The automatic hair curler can set the temperature freely (150℃-200℃ / 300℉-390℉, Celsius and Fahrenheit are interchangeable), the curling time can be adjusted arbitrarily within 8s-18s, and the curling direction can be adjusted to meet the needs of different hair quality and form perfect curl easily.
- [WARM TIPS]: 1. Please charge the hair curler after receiving. 2. If you hair is hard, please choose a high temperature and a longer timer. 3. Please wait for at least 3 minutes to heat up before curling hair. 4. It is better to take a small amount of hair each time to prevent too much hair from being stuck. 5. We care much about customers’ feeling and we would take responsibility of quality, so please contact us if you have any questions about this hair curler.
Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Auto Hair Curler with 6 Temps & Timers, Portable Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Wave Hair Curling Iron, Fast Heating Curling Wand Styling Tools
- 【Latest Automatic Curling Iron】Say goodbye to messy, tangled cable designs with this latest automatic hair curler. No Skill Required! All you need to do is put some hair in,press and hold the side button until it beeps over, then repeat. With auto-reverse rotation function and anti-tangled design, it will automatic reverse and stop work when the hair is placed too much or incorrectly.
- 【6 Temperature & & 11 Timers Setting】The cordless curling iron wand provide wide range temperature from 300℉- 390℉ to fit different different hair textures and styles. Built in Auto-timer allows you to choose suitable time to create tight to loose curls and waves. You can also set the direction of the curl (left or right) freely. It makes things easily to customize different hair styles with this auto rotating curling iron!
- 【Healthy Ionic to Protect Your Hair 】This beach wave curling iron adopts nano meter silver, ceramic coating & tourmaline, which protect hair from static electricity and heat. Heat quickly and emitting extra ion care to minimize hair damage. Unique heat-insulating chamber ensures no risk of burning your forehead or finger. Come and get the shine and bouncy curls!
- 【Cordless and Compact Hair Curler】Our ceramic curling iron is portable and delicate. Comes with a 5000mAh rechargeable battery which can be up to 45 minutes cord-free run time after 3-4 hours of full charge. Note: Run time will vary based on heat and timer settings as well as hair type. It will automatically shut off if no operation detected within 10mins, maximum your safety, give you a stress-free operation.
- 【Perfect Gift Choice】No more worrying about tangled cable and horrible storage, cordless design solves all your troubles. This portable curler can also be used as a power bank in case of an emergency which is a perfect choice for trip and for gift. Only a button to auto-create beautiful curls or waves anytime, anywhere.♥♥If there are any problems with this auto hair curler, please feel free to contact us，we will provide timely resolution and make things right.
Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Auto Hair Curler with 6 Temps & Timers, Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Wave Wand, Portable Rotating Curling Wand Styling Tool, Auto Shut Off
- 【THE LATEST AUTOMATIC HAIR CURLER】- All you need to do is press and hold the button until the beeps are over. Create curls effortlessly and keep for a couple of days, smooth and shiny, firm and long lasting. The curling iron wand builts in smart sensor motor, which allows it to stop working to prevent further tangling of hair. 💕Note: Please switch the direction of rotation to release your hair.
- 【MORE SAFE HAIR CARE TECHNOLOGY】- The auto hair curler uses Ceramic coating and adds nanosilver, tourmaline to make it heat up quickly and produce negative ions, it can maximum eliminate frizz and prevent the high temperature from damaging your hair. A unique heat-insulating chamber protects your hands and skin from burning.
- 【6 TEMPERATURE & 11 TIMING SETTING】- Considering different hair textures and styles, we specially designed a personalized experience. 300℉ to 390℉ is suitable for all hair types, even for fragile and coarse hair. With a timing of 8-18s, can easily form loose waves or tight curls.
- 【CORDLESS AND COMPACT】- No more worrying about tangled cable and horrible storage, cordless design solves all your troubles. 7.5 x 2.1 inch and 0.8lb, the automatically rotating ceramic hair curler is lightweight and portable to put into your backpack and take on a trip. It is an ideal birthday or Christmas gifts for her.
- 【USB RECHARGEABLE】- Built-in 5000mAh rechargeable battery, the beach wave curling iron can last 30-40 mintues(depends on temperature). 💕Note: please use a 5V/2A adapter to charge for it. The hair wand will auto shut down when not in use for 10 minutes, ensure maximum safety at all times. If there are any problems, please contact us to get a full refund or replacement.
Automatic Curling Iron, Cordless Hair Curler with 6 Temps & Timer, Wireless Rotating Curling Iron, Portable Rechargeable Ceramic Barrel Wave Wand, Fast Heating Spin Hair Curling Irons for Styling
- 【AUTOMATIC CURLING IRON】💕Just put the right amount of hair into the curling chamber, press the button, release the hair until you hear the beep sound, create lasting and elegant curls. With auto-reverse rotation function and anti-tangled design, the hair curlers will stop work when the hair is placed too much or incorrectly.
- 【6 TEMPS & TIMERS SETTINGS】💕 Auto-rotating ceramic hair curler provides high heat 300℉-390℉and 8-18s time setting to satisfy your different hairstyling needs with ease. Timing Settings(8-18s) can create tight curls and waves easily.
- 【IONIC CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY】💕 The cordless curling iron adopts nanometer silver, ceramic coating and tourmaline, fast heating and prevents hair damage, making hair smoother and shiny for a better look. The curling iron wand has a double-layer heat insulation design to protect your hands from instant surface heat.
- 【CORDLESS AND PORTABLE HAIR CURLER】💕No more worrying about tangled cable and horrible storage, cordless design solves all your troubles. Comes with a USB 5V/2A charging cable, after 3-4 hours of full charge, the battery can be up to 45 minutes. Spin curling iron will shut off auto after 10 minutes if left on and idle, to preserve battery life.
- 【PERFECT GIFT】💕Our Rechargeable auto hair curler is small and delicate. This curling iron is also an ideal gift for women, especially the beach waves curling iron are very popular among girls. It will be a big surprise when your girlfriend/wife/mother receives it. Any problems, please feel free to contact us to get a satisfied solution.
Fezax Cordless Auto Hair Curler, Automatic Curling Iron with LCD Display Adjustable Temperature & Timer, Portable Rechargeable Rotating Ceramic Barrel Curling Wand Fast Heating for Hair Styling
- 💗 [One-Click Automatic Curling] No skill is required, just put the right amount of hair into the curling tube, press the button and wait for a while to get beautiful curls. The product has an automatic reverse (left/right) rotation function and an anti-tangling design, which is simple and convenient, without multiple curling rollers. This is a new type of portable automatic curling iron styling tool.
- ⏳[6 Temperature and 11Timing Setting] The time (8s-18s) and temperature (150°C-200°C / 300°F-390°F) of the curler can be set freely according to different hair quality and styles, and it can be heated quickly. Compared with traditional curling irons, this product can produce waves, soft waves or more obvious waves according to your needs, thereby creating and enjoying more curly hairstyles.
- 💈 [Safe Ceramic Technology] The ceramic hair roller adopts a unique ceramic coating to prevent hair damage during the rapid heating process of the curling iron. Professional ceramic technology can keep your hair smooth and shiny, and look more attractive after curling. The ceramic crimping chamber has heat insulation function, which can protect your skin from scalding during use.
- 🔋 [LCD Screen & USB Charging] The LCD digital display can display: heat, timer, curling direction and battery level. Built-in 5000mAh lithium battery, USB (Type C ) 5V/2A charge cable included,3-4 Hours fully charged time can work for up to 60 minutes. With automatic shutdown function, saving power and ensuring application safety.
- 🌟 [Lightweight and Portable] Cordless auto hair curler (only 7.6 inches long and 2.1 inches wide), can be easily put into a backpack, the preferred styling tool for business trips and travel. The handle adopts a more comfortable ergonomic design, which is convenient for female friends who love beauty to use it anytime and anywhere.
Unbound Cordless Automatic Hair Curler, Anti-Tangle Wireless Auto Curling Iron Wand,Portable USB Rechargeable Spin Curler Ceramic Barrel Rotating for Long Hair,Fast Heating for Hair Styling
- 【One-Click Automatic CORDLESS CURLING IRON】The auto curler has a double-layer heat insulation design to protect your hands from instant surface heat.Say goodbye to messy, tangled cable designs with the latest cordless curling wand.No Skill Required! No need for multiple curling tubes, intelligent regulation of the size of the wave, intelligent curls. Only a button to auto-create beautiful curls or waves anytime, anywhere.
- 【SAFE PROTECTION WITH ANTI-TANGLED DESIGN】The cordless hair curling wand adopts the smart sensor chip, which will automatically suspend the curler when the hair is placed too much or incorrectly. No stuck and no broken hair, making it safer to use. Curling irons have the smart sound reminder function, a sound will remind you after the curls are over.With automatic shutdown function, saving power and ensuring application safety.
- 【SAFE CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY】Automatic curling iron contains nano-meter silver, ceramic coating & tourmaline, which protect hair from static electricity and heat,.Those elements benefit the hair lock in natural moisture and change frizz for smoother, shinier and healthier, anti-static hair!The auto curler has a double-layer heat insulation design to protect your hands from instant surface heat.
- 【6 TEMPERATURE SETTINGS &11 TIMERS SETTINGS】The digital temperature display offers easily adjustable temperature settings from 300℉ to 390℉ for each hair texture (Low temp for fragile Hair, higher temp for coarse hair) , and it has 6 timer settings (8-18 seconds), and choose whether the curls should be left or right.you can customize your look and choose between loose, medium, or tight curls.
- 【LCD Screen & USB Charging】Built-in 5000mAh rechargeable battery will up to 60-minute cord-free run time. Run time will vary based on heat and timer settings selected as well as hair type.Cordless auto hair curler (only 7.6 inches long and 2.1 inches wide). (Micro USB 5V/2A charge cable included). can be easily put into a backpack, the preferred styling tool for business trips and travel.If for any reason you aren’t happy, please contact us and we will provide you with a satisfactory solution.
Cordless Automatic Hair Curler, Portable Wireless Curling Iron with LCD Display, Fast Heating, Adjustable Temperature, Auto Rotating Ceramic Barrel Curling Wand USB Rechargeable for Travel, Home
- 【TWO-WAY CURLING ACTION TO PREVENT HAIR TANGLES】- Wireless automatic curling, choose curling action to the left or right to style your hair in the direction you want, giving you a new look. If you put too much hair in the curly hair machine, the machine will automatically stop and twist the hair tangles without snagging the hair, making it safer to use.Suitable for all hair types, long hair and short hair
- 【KERATIN PROTECTIVE COATING & IONIC CERAMIC】- The rotating winder of the automatic curling iron is covered with keratin coating, which can reduce the friction of the hair in curling, making the operation smoother . The automatic curling wand releases a variety of negative ions when styling, helping to eliminate static and smooth frizz. The automatic rotating curling iron also features a dual unique insulation system that protects your fingers or scalp from any burns
- 【ONE BUTTON CURLING, LIGHTWEIGHT & PORTABLE】- The electric hair curlers is easy to operate, intelligent curling system, just press a button, you can automatically complete the curling, instantly create beautiful natural curls. Cordless automatic curlers (only 9 inches long and 1.9 inches wide) easily fit into a backpack and are the preferred styling tool for travel. The handle has a more comfortable ergonomic design for women who love beauty to use anywhere, anytime
- 【6 TEMPERATURE & 6 TIME SETTINGS】- The unbound cordless auto curler’s time (8s -18s) and temperature (300°F – 390°F) can be freely set according to different hair types and hairstyles, and can be heated up quickly. Compared to traditional spinning curling iron, this product creates and enjoys more curls by producing waves, soft waves or more pronounced waves depending on your needs
- 【LCD SCREEN & USB CHARGING】- The LCD digital display of this air wrap curler can show: heat, time, curl direction and battery level. Built-in 4800mAh lithium battery and USB (Type C) 5V/2A charging cable included, 3 hours full charge can work up to 50 minutes. This portable hair curler automatically shuts off when not in use for 10 minutes, always ensuring maximum safety. It makes an ideal gift for friends, family and yourself
Buying Guides For Best Cordless Hair Curlers
When it comes to choosing the correct cordless hair curlers, you should be well-versed about its characteristics, benefits, drawbacks, and the elements that influence its performance. To get a good value for money for the product you want to buy, you need also compare its benefits with the predicted pricing.
It will necessitate significant research and product comparison, and it will take time. You may not have a lot of time in this fast-paced environment. As a result, we’ve compiled a list of the most important characteristics and criteria to consider when purchasing the best cordless hair curlers without sacrificing performance.
The Right Brand
When it comes to purchasing your most-needed item, you should carefully analyze the market reputation of the brands. When you find reliable and reputed brands for your desired item your buying procedure will just become easier.
To get a clear picture of the brand values, you can compare different brands and read user reviews. It will quickly help you learn about clients’ perceptions and the brand’s way of dealing with customers for the best purchasing decision.
Of course, products from a high-end and reputable manufacturer will be pricier than an average brand. However, the additional money you spend on brand value is well worth it because it ensures superior performance and after-sales service.
However, you should not always worry about the manufacturer’s history when evaluating their market value and reputation. Companies having a long history are, of course, more trustworthy and reliable.
Many new brands and manufacturers, on the other hand, are producing high-performing, dependable, durable, and cost-effective cordless hair curlers. As a result, when looking for the proper brand for your product, you should also examine the user’s experience and feedback.
Next, consider the things you genuinely desire as well as the product’s actual features. You must assure that you will not receive a perfect match for all of the attributes. As a result, you must prioritize the product’s most important features first. Then, to rapidly locate the greatest fit, compare them to other products on the market.
Almost all items will, without a doubt, have some generic features that will be the same for every item. However, you should consider the various aspects in order to find the most incredible products that actually fit your working needs.
That is why, in this review list, we have covered each item’s top and most useful characteristics in detail. It should assist you in making the fastest purchasing for the best cordless hair curlers without any compromise.
Top Benefits & Drawbacks
You will never find any product with 100% advantages or flaws in the world. Simply put, your chosen product will have both advantages and disadvantages. Thus, you should analyze the top benefits of the product you wish to acquire for your needs. Consider the product’s drawbacks in the same way so you can immediately compare its value for money in real life.
Customers’ reviews on user forums, Amazon, social media, and the manufacturer’s website can all be used to compare the benefits and flaws of the selected items. But don’t worry if you’re short on time; we’ve taken care of it for you.
We have thoroughly detailed the ins and outs of each item in our review list so that you are aware of its actual benefits and potential pitfalls. As a result, you won’t have to shoulder any of the obligations; instead, you can just browse our pros and cons section for each cordless hair curlers and select the one that best suits your needs.
The product’s pricing is an important issue to consider irrespective of the product you want to buy. It will have a significant impact on your purchasing decision and will have a significant impact on the item’s features and performance.
The pricing depends on the products’ brand value, top features, performance, and durability. You should expect to pay a premium for a product made by a well-known company. New brands, on the other hand, may have more aggressive pricing, which is a pleasant plus.
You should compare the product’s pricing with different manufacturers and the expected features. The goal is to maximize the return on your investment. Also keep in mind that more pricey does not always imply higher performance. As a result, to find the greatest match, you should set a budget and stick to it.
Performance & Durability
You must consider the longevity and performance of the product. You would never feel pleasant to see your product getting damaged or requiring replacement within a few days of purchase. Hence, you mustn’t compromise the performance and durability of the product. To get a long-lasting performance, you should check the material quality and design utilized by the manufacturer to create the best cordless hair curlers
The product should be made of high-quality, industry-leading materials. It should further meet the necessary standards including, industrial and environmental criteria. In the same way, the product’s performance must meet the pricing and customer’s expectations.
It won’t help if the product’s performance isn’t in line with its price. In addition, you may compare the advertised durability and performance standards of the product with others in the market. It will guarantee that you get good value for the money. Finally, check the after-sales service offers.
Warranty & After-sales Service
Finally, check the after-sales service offers. Is the brand’s after-sales service or repair capabilities good? Is the manufacturer’s after-sales service truly well-received by customers without negativity?
It will assist you in understanding the client’s viewpoint and how it treats its customers. You should also look at the product’s warranty. Most manufacturers would typically provide a 6-month to 24-month guarantee for any manufacturing flaws. You should review the warranty’s terms and conditions to ensure that you are not duped.
We truly hope that this analysis of the best cordless hair curlers with all possible details allows you to find the correct item for your work requirements. We’ve gone over the possible benefits, performance, user experience, specifications, functions, and key advantages and disadvantages of each product in detail in this review and buyer guide. You should now have a fair idea of what to expect from these high-performing and long-lasting products. So, which one do you prefer?
Also, hurry to get your favorite item since these products have unthinkable demand in the market and may get unavailable if you delay your purchase. So rush and purchase from the review list to dramatically improve your existence.